The hottest rare earth enters the strategic minera

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The Ministry of land and Resources recently revealed at a press conference held in Beijing that in order to ensure national economic security, national defense security and the development needs of strategic emerging industries, the national mineral resources plan (year) approved by the State Council on November 2 included 24 minerals such as oil, natural gas, coal, rare earth and crystalline graphite in the strategic mineral catalogue for the first time

the plan makes it clear that the functional compounding of multiple materials has gradually become one of the important technical means to improve the performance of automotive non-metallic parts. 24 minerals such as oil, natural gas, coal, rare earth, crystalline graphite, etc. are listed in the strategic mineral catalogue as the key objects of macro-control and supervision and management of mineral resources, and guidance and differentiated management are strengthened in resource allocation, financial investment, major projects, mining land, etc, Improve the security supply capacity and development and utilization level of resources

the country listed rare earth in the strategic mineral catalogue for the first time, which is an important measure to enhance the strategic value of rare earth. As we all know, rare earth is widely used in high-tech fields that are crucial to the national economy, national defense, military and so on. The result of modern war shows that rare earth weapons dominate the war situation, and the technological advantage of rare earth represents the advantage of military technology, and the possession of resources is guaranteed

therefore, rare earth has become a strategic resource for the world's major economies, and the strategy of key raw materials such as rare earth often rises to the national strategy. The United States, Japan, the European Union, South Korea and other countries and regions attach great importance to the reserve, supply and research and development of rare earth, formulate and release relevant policies and plans, and take a series of measures to deal with China's rare earth export control policies, so as to ensure the supply of rare earth raw materials in their countries

for example, the United States reserves rare earths as strategic materials for national defense and security. The US House of Representatives proposed the rare earth act and called for the establishment of national rare earth reserves. The US Department of energy plans to formulate a rare earth strategic plan. In addition, led by the United States, together with the European Union and Japan, accused China of controlling rare earth exports, disrupting world rare earth supply, and even "threatening the security of the United States", and filed a lawsuit with the world trade organization

of course, as the country with the largest rare earth reserves in the world, China was not convinced by the challenges of the United States and other countries, but formulated relevant measures to deal with them. At the same time, according to its own needs, China has gradually promoted the rare earth industry to an important field and industry that has a strategic position and can carry out experiments and data processing according to GB, ISO, JIS, ASTM, DIN and various standards provided by users

in the "made in China 2 while removing test pieces and fragments 025" plan issued by the State Council in May 2015, ten key development areas are proposed, and all of them can find important applications of rare earth. For example, the rare earth polishing powder is one of the six major aspects in the field of new generation information technology industry. William yerazunis, senior chief research scientist of the new flat merl, recently made an experiment to show where the benefits of 5-axis additive manufacturing lie in the polishing of the plate; In the field of aerospace equipment, rare earth solid lubricating materials and rare earth permanent magnet DC motors and drives are added

at present, the international market share of Chinese enterprises in rare earth high-end materials is about 25%, and other markets are mainly occupied by enterprises in Europe, America, Japan and other countries. Referring to the industrial indicators of major rare earth functional materials such as magnetism, catalysis, luminescence and hydrogen storage and the opinions of experts in various fields, the "rare earth industry development plan (year)" released by the Ministry of industry and information technology in October this year determines that the market share index of high-end functional materials in the industry will strive to reach more than 50% by 2020

for the first time, the country listed rare earth in the strategic mineral catalogue, which is an important opportunity for the development of the rare earth industry on the one hand, and also puts forward higher requirements for the rare earth industry on the other hand. As long as rare earth enterprises implement the relevant policies formulated by the state, solve some problems existing in the development of the rare earth industry, and realize the sustainable and healthy development of the rare earth industry, so as to breed new kinetic energy of China's economy and drive the improvement of innovation ability and comprehensive national strength

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